Scalp sores are a symptom of many skin conditions. Your doctor will need to examine the sores in order to determine what their cause might be. Scalp sores can develop from many skin conditions or as a symptom of a scalp infection. Bacteria, germs and some types of fungus can infect the scalp. Most scalp sores localize to certain areas of the scalp but some may cause widespread outbreaks. Certain skin care products can also aggravate the condition. A health care provider can assist in diagnosing and treating the cause of scalp sores.
Scalp Sores Causes:
- There are variety of reasons for scalp sores but the very main reason is an imbalance in the scalp's immunity system. Everyday our skin and scalp is subjected to bacteria, germs and even specific types of fungus. Normally our scalp does a decent job of fighting these off however many times the bacteria can grow in the scalp follicle itself and this is where most shampoos do not clean.
- Psoriasis is another disease of the immune system that can cause scalp sores. Cell turnover is faster than it should be for people with psoriasis. Normally, cell turnover takes about a month, but psoriasis causes this to happen in as little as a few days. Because the skin cells are not mature yet, they pile on top of one another and form itchy sores
- Tinea Capitis (Ringworm). Tinea capitis is a contagious fungal infection commonly called ringworm of the scalp. People with minor scalp injuries, poor hygiene or constantly wet scalps are at risk of contracting this infection. Symptoms can include bald patches; itching, puss-filled sores; inflamed lesions; and small, black dots. Doctors use anti-fungal medication to treat ringworm.
- An allergic skin reaction (contact dermatitis) can be a cause of sore spots. It usually occurs in two forms - allergic contact dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis results from the direct contact of irritants with the skin. Allergic contact dermatitis is a hypersensitive reaction, which takes place due to the body's immune system acting upon a substance which it perceives as an allergen. Contact dermatitis may occur due to some cosmetic allergy.
Scalp Sores Treatment:
Skin problems like contact dermatitis or scalp acne usually do not require any oral medicines. They can be treated with the help of specific medicated shampoos, and creams and ointments that are prescribed for topical application. If it is caused by tight braids, then you will be advised to redo the braids. Exposure to harsh chemicals present in hair care products should be avoided completely for the time being.
An unclean scalp may not necessarily cause the problem but taking care to keep the scalp clean can help prevent the condition from getting worse. Washing and treating the hair and scalp clean with specially formulated hair care products are the best way to keep itchy scalp sores under control and eventually banish them forever.
When scalp sores are caused by a problem with the immune system, treatment can be a bit more difficult. Treating pemphigus requires taking medication either orally or via injection. You may also have to use topical creams on the sores. Medication for pemphigus can have serious side effects, so treatment needs to be monitored by your doctor. Treatment can also take a frustratingly long time -- sometimes as long as several years